BAR proteins - membrane curvature sensing and deformation
BAR domain containing proteins have been well-recognized to be involved in numerous cellular processes, such as endocytosis and intracellular trafficking, where the cellular membranes undergo remarkable shape change. Due to their crescent shape, BAR domains have a high propensity to bind to curved membranes matching their intrinsic curvature, which contributes to their recruitment at highly curved membrane regions in cells. Also, BAR domains can deform membranes, which contributes to membrane reshaping in cells. Yet, a comprehensive mechanistic description of how BAR proteins sense and generate membrane curvature is missing. We aim to reveal the mechanisms underlying the membrane curvature sensing and deformation abilities of BAR proteins by using biophysical approaches, such as membrane nanotube pulling using optical tweezers, and bottom-up reconstitution systems composed of GUVs and purified BAR proteins.